How to Write a Conclusion: 5 Most Effective Strategies to Follow

After the rest of your paper is already done, writing a conclusion may seem a mere trifle. However, it’s not. A good conclusion should be the last but not least logical element of your project–producing the last impression and persuading the readers. No new information. No repetitions. Only a smart synthesis of what has already been said.

Here are 5 proven effective strategies that will teach you how to write a conclusion for your research paper, essay or any other project.

️ Strategy #1: Echo the introduction

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Revisit your introduction and take a special look at your thesis statement. (You did include a strong thesis statement at the end of the introduction paragraph, didn’t you?) Resist the temptation to repeat the same general ideas in your conclusion. After completing this paper, you know much more about the subject. Show it in conclusion. It’s your last chance to persuade everyone.

Strategy #2: Synthesize the info

Instead of the summary of what has been said, consider synthesis – a different level of retelling by adding a new meaning and viewing the facts from a new perspective. It doesn’t mean you should add any new info. It means you should make advanced conclusions, showing the consequences, results, and implications of what you have found out.

🔱 Strategy #3: Redirect your readers

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One more effective way of how to write a conclusion is to show new opportunities for research or give readers some food for thought. Ask them a couple of questions, and a proper impression from your paper is guaranteed.

👀 Strategy #4: Challenge your readers

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One more approach is to hint how your findings might save the world or how your readers might benefit from them in their daily lives. Let them rack their brains as to how they might use what you’ve written in practice.

🚀 Strategy #5: Look into the future

One more effective strategy is to see the directions for the following research and specify how your project is connected with other works on a similar topic.

Things to avoid by all means

Here’s the guideline on how not to write a conclusion:

  • Never include any new ideas or topics
  • Don’t end up rephrasing your thesis statement
  • Don’t apologize for some limitations of your views. (Never write something like “I’m not an expert, but…”)

So, these strategies clearly show you how to write a conclusion to make the impression from your paper complete and positive.

If you want to create a strong essay, it’s important to start from an effective introduction, several body paragraphs, and a strong conclusion. In a conclusion you have the opportunity to sum your main ideas and give your reader a clear sense of what to take away from your whole essay. Remember: the conclusion is your last chance to impress your reader.

A good conclusion should:

  • Remind the reader the thesis statement of an essay
  • Give your essay a sense of completion
  • Leave your reader with a lasting impression
  • Make your reader satisfied that he read your interesting essay.

️ Conclusion outline

Have a look at this sample structure and try to follow it.

  1. Topic sentence
  2. Thesis statement rephrasing
  3. Supporting sentencesMake a summary of the essay main points
    • Make a summary of the essay main points
    • Explain how ideas fit together
  4. Closing sentence
    • Give your reader closing words
    • Restate the introduction
    • Write about the significance and role of your essay

In short, the conclusion paragraph contains these 2 parts:

  • A summary of your essay main points
  • Your final comment on the subject of your essay


It is very important to summarize the main points of your essay in the conclusion paragraph. If you wrote a detailed thesis statement, then you can just restate the thesis of your essay using different words. You should begin your essay’s summary with a suitable transition signal and include all the main points of your essay. Do not add any new information to your conclusion.

Final comment

When you have summarized the main ideas of your essay, you should also finally comment on the topic of your essay. Your final comment should be related to the ideas expressed in the main body of your essay.

In your final comment you may:

  • offer solutions to the problems expressed in the main body
  • offer some recommendations to future actions
  • give your suggestions for future research on the essay topic

You may also use this short checklist for editing your conclusion:

  1. Does the conclusion of your essay begin with a suitable transition signal?
  2. Does the conclusion include the summary of main ideas exposed in your essay?
  3. Does the conclusion have a final comment in the end (the writer’s idea or recommendation)?

💪 Several types of strong and effective conclusions

1. The simple summary

To write this common type of conclusion, you should synthesize, and not just summarize. Do not just monotonously restate the main ideas of your essay. Instead, show your readers how your main points fit together, and why your ideas are important.

2. The frame or circle technique

In this case, a writer circles back to the beginning of the essay, returning to the metaphor, anecdote, quotation, etc. used in the introduction. This strategy gives the essays a nice sense of unity.

3. The planning to the horizon technique

It moves the reader from the specifics of an essay to a universal point. You can show how important your topic is by using an appropriate analogy, asking a challenging question or connecting the essay topic with a larger philosophic or political issue.

But that’s not all…

You may also relate the main points of your essay, paper, or article to the universal human experience. It is the strongest and the universal way to underline the importance of what you have written in your essay. Here is a list of several aspects of the universal human experience.

👥 Sample elements of the universal human experience

  1. Emotions: love, hatred, joy, sorrow, fear
  2. Relationships: motherhood, fatherhood, brotherhood, enmity, friendship
  3. Life cycle: birth, growth, youth, aging, death
  4. Other big ideas: power, weakness, war and peace, altruism, prejudice, passion

If you take this approach, you will show your ability to connect what you say in your essay or paper to a larger world.

4. The proposal or call to action

This technique is often used in persuasive or argumentative essays. The writer makes a proposal or asks the readers to do something.

5. The concluding story technique

The writer ends the essay by sketching a story or a scene, or by telling a joke that shows how important the essay topic is.

6. The delayed thesis conclusion

Some essays cover different proposals and solutions given by the writer. The conclusion states the thesis of the essay as if it is a discovery. The writer allows the reader to make a discovery along with him. But this technique can be difficult to carry off.

So, are you ready for writing an awesome essay?

The essay writing tips in this article should give you a good idea on how to write a great conclusion for your essay, paper, or article.

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