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The Minimalist Guide to Citing Internet Sources in Papers

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Citing Internet Sources Documenting sources used in a paper is one of the most boring and annoying things about writing. The numerous punctuation marks and format intricacies can make your head spinning. And citing internet sources is especially hard.

It was exactly what I thought of citation styles before once I understood that quoting can be romantic. Once I helped a girl on a forum to cite sources in APA style and it was the beginning of our romance. We later found a stupid reason to break up, but it’s another story. Anyway, the best things in life come when we least expect them. Even while we think we waste time citing our sources.

And here goes the minimalist guide with clear and concise directions for citing internet sources. I hope it will make somebody happier.

Citing Internet Sources in MLA

Every thought has an author. And every author deserves proper credit. Remember that citing means caring.

In text:

According to the Chupa Chups official site information, Salvador Dali integrated the company’s logo in the daisy shape in 1988 and it became universally popular with the public (Chupa Chups).

On bibliography page:

An entire website:

Chupa Chups. The Chupa Chups Company, 2014. Web. 1 Jan. 2014.

A picture:

Ojolie. “The Nativity”. Picture. Care2, n.d. Web. 1 Jan. 2014.

An article:

Kloner, Robert. “The ‘Merry Christmas Coronary’ and ‘Happy New Year Heart Attack’ Phenomenon.” American Heart Association 110 (2004): 3744 – 3745. Web. 1 Jan. 2014.


Smith, Brian. “Re: Happy New Year.” Message to John Doe. 31 Dec. 2013. E-mail.

Note: Pay special attention to the use of quotation marks in titles – they do matter.

Citing Internet Sources in APA

In text

As it was mentioned on the Chupa Chups official site, Salvador Dali created the popular logo of the company, integrating it into the daisy shape (Chupa Chups, n.d.).

On bibliography page

An entire website:

Chupa Chups.(2014) The Chupa Chups Company. Retrieved from http://www.chupachups.com/homepage.html

A picture:

Ojolie (n.d.). The Nativity. Picture. Care2. Retrieved from http://www.care2.com/send/card/6940

An article:

Kloner, R. (2004). The ‘Merry Christmas coronary’ and ‘Happy New Year heart attack’ phenomenon. American Heart Association, 110 (2004). Retrieved from http://circ.ahajournals.org/content/110/25/3744.full


Great news: e-mails are not included in the reference list, but you should still mention this source in the main text if necessary: (J. Doe, personal communication, January 1, 2014).

Note: When citing electronic sources in APA, pay attention to the lower and upper case letters and use n.d. (no date) if there’s no date for a web page or document.

So, with these examples, you perfectly understand how to cite a website.

Cite smart and enjoy what you’re doing!

Truly yours, David.

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