Critical Response Essay: Topics, Examples & How to Write

If you’ve ever read an exhaustive review of a movie or a book, you already know what a critical response essay looks like. This assignment requires you to reflect on a writing piece, film, play, or other art product. The point is to analyze the work and express your attitude toward its content and form.

This article will teach you how to write a critical response essay on different texts. You’ll also find some topic ideas and an example of this paper type.

🔤 What Is a Critical Response Essay?

A critical response essay is a written assignment in which you should analyze someone’s work. The subject of your analysis can be a book, a piece of poetry, a short story, a scholarly article, a film, a song, and many more.

You might wonder what the “critical” part of a critical response essay means. It doesn’t imply that you should harshly judge the writing piece. Rather, you need to evaluate a text, highlighting its strengths and weaknesses. For example, you can analyze whether the author used enough convincing evidence to support the main point.

A critical response essay usually includes the following elements: an introduction, summary, analysis, response, and conclusion.

IntroductionGrabs readers’ attention, introduces the text you will respond to, and includes a thesis statement with your main argument.
SummaryBriefly retells the main ideas of the analyzed work.
AnalysisEvaluates different features of the text, such as its style, structure, and content; includes quotes from the original piece.
ResponsePresents your opinion on the text, e.g., whether the author effectively accomplished the writing purpose or how the text could be improved.
ConclusionSums up the discussed points and links them to your thesis statement.

💡 Response Essay Topics

The first step in creating an essay is to decide what to write about. Below you’ll find a list of interesting topics to inspire you. However, if none of these ideas meets your demands, you can try our topic generator.

  1. Is Shakespeare’s King Lear insane?
  2. Is peace or success more critical in The Great Gatsby by F. S. Fitzgerald?
  3. Allegory and symbolism in “Everyday Use” by Alice Walker.
  4. Women’s challenges in “The Story of an Hour.”
  5. Ravenscroft’s use of irony in Careless Lovers to reveal society’s wrongs.
  6. The symbolic meaning of the devil in Hawthorne’s “Young Goodman Brown.”
  7. How did Tim O’Brien express the theme of morality in The Things They Carried
  8. The meaning of “hero” in The Things They Carried by Tim O’Brien.
  9. The American Dream in The Death of a Salesman.
  10. A caretaker’s conflict in “Daddy Issues” by Sandra Tsing Loh.
  11. Was Hamlet’s revenge the right decision?
  12. Shakespeare’s Macbeth as a reference to the Christian fall of man. 
  13. How did Mark Twain depict racism in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn?
  14. Would Hucklebery Finn make a good man?
  15. What is the tragedy in Sophocles’ Oedipus Rex?
  16. What is the most acute issue highlighted in Nella Larsen’s Passing
  17. The press and the government in The Making of a Quagmire by David Halberstam.
  18. The Thousand and One Nights as a reflection of Middle East culture. 
  19. Poverty in Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens.
  20. Gender issues raised in Othello by Shakespeare.
  21. Can The Glass Menagerie be considered a classical tragedy?
  22. The Chinese and American female characters in Joy Luck Club.
  23. The Epic of Gilgamesh: Can the opposites be partners? 
  24. Egocentrism in “A Good Man Is Hard to Find.” 
  25. The fragility of the family institution in Williams’ The Glass Menagerie
  26. Does the book The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People answer how to achieve success?
  27. Franz Kafka’s “Metamorphosis”: Does Gregor Zamza deserve pity or compassion?
  28. The issue of a social outsider in “A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner. 
  29. “The Story of an Hour”: Is every marriage doomed?
  30. The god complex in Frankenstein by Mary Shelley. 

✍️ How to Write a Critical Response Essay

A critical response essay has the following format:

  • Introduction.
  • Summary.
  • Analysis.
  • Response.
  • Conclusion.
This image shows the critical response essay format.

Below we will look at how to write a critical response essay step by step.

Critical Response Introduction

An introduction is your chance to make an excellent first impression on a reader. Here is a detailed breakdown of what it should include:

  • Details about the analyzed work. In the first sentence, provide the author’s name and the title of the work you will write about.
  • Relevant background information. Explain what the analyzed writing piece is about and provide the relevant context.
  • The author’s thesis statement. Mention what argument the author makes and what key points are used to support it.
  • Your thesis statement. The last sentence of your introduction should include your main argument about the analyzed work. Avoid simply agreeing or disagreeing with the author’s thesis. Instead, highlight the evaluated text’s strengths and weaknesses or focus on particular aspects, such as characters, style, literary devices, etc.


As the name implies, critical response summary part should summarize your selected work in a few paragraphs. Here are some tips for you to write this section:

  • Explain the author’s purpose — why did they create this work?
  • Summarize the author’s main points used to support the argument.
  • Do not use direct quotes; instead, paraphrase key points from the source.
  • Do not provide your opinion — you’ll get a chance to do it in the later sections.


While the previous section looked at what the author wrote, this one will examine how the author expressed their point.

Here are some questions to guide your analysis. You should choose only those that fit your essay purpose and the analyzed piece:

  • Has the author reached their writing goal (persuading, informing, explaining, etc.)?
  • How unbiased and precise was the piece?
  • What literary devices have you noticed?
  • Were the author’s arguments strong enough?
  • Are there any logical flaws in the writing?
  • What is the author’s tone?

The analysis section should include direct quotes from the original text. They should be relevant to the point you make. After introducing a quotation, explain it and link it to your main argument.

This image shows additional advice for the analysis section of a critical response essay.


Finally, you’ve reached the point where your opinion is required.

In this section, you should present your well-thought-out evaluation of the source. For example, if you’ve been analyzing an argumentative essay, explain whether you found it convincing enough and why. When assessing an informative article, say whether it gave you a good grasp of the topic and what particular text features made it simple for you to understand.

Consider these tips when writing a personal response section:

  • Make sure you express your opinion to the fullest.
  • Reflect on particular elements rather than an entire work.
  • Use strong evidence to support your point of view.
  • Organize your ideas in logical order.
  • Tie your response to your thesis statement.


The conclusion of your critical analysis essay should include the following:

  • Restated thesis. Start your final paragraph by paraphrasing your thesis statement.
  • Summary of the points discussed. Remind the reader of your main ideas.
  • Closing statement. Suggest a prompt that will make your readers think further about your argument.
This image says to avoid adding quotes and new information in the conclusion.

📝 Critical Response Essay Example

Now, let’s look at a critical response essay example.

In his famous speech given at Stanford in 2005, Steeve Jobs gave valuable advice to Stanford graduates. The author’s main point is that if people want to accomplish their goals, they should be passionate. While I agree with this view, I will argue that one of the key themes permeating this speech is hope and faith.

The author shares three stories from his life. The first story is about dropping out of college. The second is about the lessons Jobs learned when he was fired from Apple. Finally, the third story deals with the author’s reflections on death.

While this talk is mainly about passion for one’s work, it also deals with the issues of hope and faith. This theme can be traced throughout the speech. For example, in the first story, Jobs says that people should “connect the dots.” It means that life is not a random sequence of events. Whatever difficulties arise, they serve some purpose, so people should never lose faith in a better future.

For me, this speech sounds hopeful and inspiring. I agree with Job’s view that passion is vital, but even more, I support his emphasis on the role of hope and faith. Jobs showed that his ability not to lose hope guided him through hard times. For example, Jobs’ dismissal was a devastating experience for him, but he realized that it was a new start for him, and he was able to move on.

In conclusion, hope and faith in a better future are one of the main themes of Jobs’ speech at Stanford. The speaker showed how being hopeful has helped him survive the darkest moments. Therefore, people should not give up whenever life throws challenges at them.

📚 More Critical Response Examples

Do you want some more critical response examples? Below, we’ve included two sample responses to a non-fiction article and a fiction work. Check them out!

Critical Response to an Article Example

The following critical response example is based on an article published in Time. Check it out to learn how to respond to non-fiction.

In his article entitled "Conspiracy Theories, Class Tension, Political Intrigue," Maurice Samuels draws a parallel between the French government's mishandling of the cholera crisis in 1832 and the US government's response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Samuels believes that leadership failures increase societal tensions and create the way for political revolution. His analysis is a powerful reminder of the critical role that strong and united leadership plays in dealing with public health crises.

The article discusses the 1832 cholera outbreak in Paris, highlighting the government's ineffective response and the public's anger. It also examines the June Rebellion and the Duchesse de Berry's coup attempt, which failed because of public indifference. The author links the Paris cholera outbreak to the recent coronavirus pandemic in the US, arguing that leaders should prioritize transparency and openness to scientific advice.

On the one hand, the author emphasizes the importance of effective leadership and a unified response to public health crises, which makes this article relevant to the coronavirus situation in the US. On the other hand, the article could be more specific in analyzing the consequences of President Trump's actions, providing more examples of what a leader should do in a crisis.

I found the article both informative and thought-provoking. The author profoundly understands the history of epidemics and their impact on society. The article also raises important questions about leadership and public health policy. I agree with the author's conclusion that we need leaders who are willing to put the needs of their citizens first and who are not afraid to make tough decisions.

The article is a valuable contribution to discussing the pandemic and its broader societal implications. It highlights the importance of strong, united leadership in managing public health crises and preventing societal unrest. This article reminds us that even in an emergency, we must learn from our past mistakes to ensure a bright and healthy future.

Critical Response Paper Example for Fiction

Here, we have prepared a critical response essay to Fahrenheit 451 written by Ray Bradbury.

In Fahrenheit 451, Ray Bradbury outlines a dystopian future in which books are prohibited, and firemen are responsible for burning them. The novel warns about the dangers of censorship and the importance of freedom of speech. It raises questions about the role of government and the nature of knowledge and explores issues that are still relevant today.

The novel is about Guy Montag, a fireman who burns books for a living. Montag is a kind and polite man, but at the same time, he is unsatisfied with his job. He begins to doubt the government's policy of burning books and finally begins stealing and reading books secretly. He joins a group of rebels who teach him about the importance of books and the dangers of censorship. Eventually, Montag and the rebels defeat the government, establishing a society where books are allowed and people can think freely.

The novel effectively uses vivid imagery, symbols, and strong characters to create a suspenseful story. Bradbury's setting creates a familiar and strange world, with characters like Montag and others. However, the text still needs more depth and complexity in some characters, particularly the protagonist, Guy Montag.

I found Fahrenheit 451 an exciting and insightful novel since it allows the reader to rediscover the significance of reading through Montag's journey. I was particularly struck by the novel's depiction of censorship and the rebels' victory, which shows that it is possible to fight against censorship and preserve freedom of speech.

To summarize, Fahrenheit 451 is a well-written work that sends a message to humans about the value of knowledge and identity in a society that is easily corrupted by ignorance and censorship. The novel is still relevant in today’s world because it reminds us that the fight for free thought is an eternal one, waged not just on battlefields but in the quiet corners of every mind.

Other Critical Response Essay Examples

Find out other examples of critical responses below:

Now you know the secrets of writing an excellent critical response essay. So, feel free to start writing! Once you have done the assignment, listen to how your essay sounds with our text-to-speech tool. It will help you spot where your paper needs improvements.

🔗 References

  1. Guidelines for the Process for Critical Response | University of Michigan
  2. Writing a Response or Reaction Paper | Hunter College
  3. Writing Critical Analysis Papers | JSIS Writing Center
  4. Writing a Critical Response | University of Richmond
  5. Advice on Writing and Revising Critical Essays | Williams College
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